Test of English as a Foreign Language

Among many internationally recognized English proficiency tests, TOEFL is considered to be a prominent test taken by individuals all over the world. The purpose of taking the exam varies as per the one's need. People take it for the reason of studying, working, or settling abroad. Certainly! We are here to help you explore TOEFL phonology with experts at Western Overseas. Phonology is an essential aspect of language learning and proficiency, and understanding the phonological features of English can significantly help achieve success in the TOEFL exam. Please feel free to ask any questions or discuss specific areas of TOEFL phonology that you would like to explore further.

What is the TOEFL exam for, and how does IT come into existence?

TOEFL is the "Test of English as a Foreign Language," its history dates back to the 1960s when there was a growing demand for a standardized test to assess the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers. The Educational Testing Service (ETS), a non-profit organization based in the United States, developed and launched the first version of the TOEFL test in 1964.

The initial TOEFL test was a paper-based test (PBT). It was primarily used to assess the English language skills of international students who wanted to study in the United States. Over the years, the TOEFL test underwent several revisions and updates to ensure its reliability, validity, and relevance in assessing English language proficiency.

In 1998, ETS introduced the computer-based test (CBT) format of TOEFL, which allowed test-takers to take the test on a computer at designated test centers. The CBT format provided several advantages, such as faster scoring and increased test security.

In 2005, ETS launched the Internet-based test (iBT) format of TOEFL, the current and most widely used test format. The iBT TOEFL test is administered via the Internet and measures the four language skills: reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Thousands of institutions in over 150 countries recognize TOEFL as a reliable measure of English language proficiency for academic and professional purposes.

Since its inception, TOEFL has become one of the most popular and widely recognized English language proficiency tests worldwide. Millions of test-takers take the yearly test to fulfill their academic and professional goals. ETS continues to update and improve the TOEFL test to ensure its relevance and effectiveness in assessing English language skills in today's globalized world.


TOEFL Exam Pattern and its Syllabus

The exam has four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Here is an overview of the exam pattern:

Reading Section:

  • Time: 60-80 minutes

  • Number of Questions: 36-56 questions

  • Skills Assessed: Reading comprehension, vocabulary, and inference

  • Format: Read passages from academic texts and answer questions based on them

Listening Section:

  • Time: 60-90 minutes

  • Number of Questions: 34-51 questions

  • Skills Assessed: Listening comprehension, note-taking, and inference

  • Format: Listen to lectures, conversations, and discussions and answer questions based on them

Speaking Section:

  • Time: 20 minutes

  • Number of Questions: 6 tasks

  • Skills Assessed: Speaking ability, pronunciation, and coherence

  • Format: Express an opinion, summarize information, and participate in conversations

Writing Section:

  • Time: 50 minutes

  • Number of Questions: 2 tasks

  • Skills Assessed: Writing ability, organization, and coherence

  • Format: Write an essay based on reading and listening passages, and express your opinion on a topic

An overview of the TOEFL syllabus

Reading Section:

  • Reading passages from academic texts, such as textbooks and articles

  • Questions assessing reading comprehension skills, including understanding main ideas, supporting details, inferences, vocabulary, and rhetorical strategies

  • Approximately 3-5 passages with ten questions per passage

Listening Section:

  • Listening to academic lectures, conversations, and discussions

  • Questions assessing listening comprehension skills, including understanding main ideas, details, inference, tone, and purpose

  • Approximately 4-6 lectures and 2-3 conversations with 5-6 questions per lecture/conversation

Speaking Section:

  • Speaking tasks that require test takers to express opinions, summarize information, and engage in integrated speaking tasks

  • Questions assessing speaking skills, including pronunciation, fluency, vocabulary, grammar, and coherence

  • A total of 4 tasks, including two independent speaking tasks and two integrated speaking tasks

Writing Section:

  • Writing tasks that require test takers to express and support their opinions, summarize information, and analyze and respond to academic texts

  • Questions assessing writing skills, including organization, development, coherence, grammar, and vocabulary

  • A total of 2 tasks, including one integrated writing task and one independent writing task

The syllabus may vary slightly depending on the test format (iBT or PBT) and the test version. It's recommended to check the official TOEFL website or the official test preparation materials for the most up-to-date and accurate information on the TOEFL syllabus.

TOEFL evaluation system: Section-Wise Score

Reading Section: The Reading section measures your ability to understand and analyze written English text. It includes reading passages and questions based on those passages. The total score for the Reading section ranges from 0 to 30.

Listening Section: The Listening section measures your ability to understand spoken English in academic and everyday contexts. It includes listening to lectures, conversations, and discussions and answering questions based on them. The total score for the Listening section also ranges from 0 to 30.

Speaking Section: The Speaking section measures your ability to communicate in English about familiar topics and express your opinions. It includes reading aloud, describing a picture, and expressing an opinion. The Speaking section is scored on a scale of 0 to 30, with scores in increments of 0.5.

Writing Section: The Writing section reckons your writing proficiency in English on academic topics. It includes tasks such as writing an essay based on a prompt and summarizing information from a reading and a listening passage. The Writing section is also scored on a scale of 0 to 30, with scores in increments of 0.5.

In addition to the scores for each section, you will also receive a total score, which is the sum of the scores for the four modules, ranging from 0 to 120. The scores are usually available online approximately ten days after you take the test. It's important to note that different institutions and organizations may have distinct score requirements for admission or employment. So, it's best to check with them directly to determine what scores are needed for your specific situation.

What is a good TOEFL score | Frequently Asked by Students?

A good TOEFL score depends on the requirements of the institution or organization you are applying to. Different institutions may have varied score requirements for admission, depending on the program or level of Study you are applying to. Generally, a TOEFL score of 80 or above is considered good, while a score of 100 or above is considered excellent. However, it's essential to research the specific requirements of the institutions or programs you are interested in to determine what would be a good score for your particular situation.

It's also worth noting that some institutions may have different score requirements for different sections of the TOEFL. For example, a program may require a minimum score of 20 in each module, while another program may require a minimum score of 25 in the Speaking section. Therefore, carefully review the score requirements of the institutions or programs you are interested in to determine what would be considered a good TOEFL score for your specific needs.


How to book TOEFL and Exam Fees

The simplest way to book the exam is through an "ETS account." The official website provides an online portal to register and book the test. You need to follow simple steps and get the exam slot. There are many benefits the exam authority offers to students in their created account that involves

  • You can log in to the official website of the organization that conducts the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) to view, reschedule, or cancel your registration.

  • If you require testing accommodations for the TOEFL due to a disability or other particular circumstances, you can apply for them through the official TOEFL website. You can also view the status of your approved testing accommodations on their website or contact their customer service for further information.

  • The official TOEFL website offers a variety of test prep materials, including practice tests, study guides, and other resources. You can purchase these materials directly from their website or authorized resellers.

  • The TOEFL Search Service lets you connect with universities and colleges accepting TOEFL scores. You can sign up for this service on the official TOEFL website and create a profile to receive information from educational institutions.

  • Once you have taken the TOEFL test, you can view your scores online by logging in to your account on the official TOEFL website. You can also download a PDF copy of your official score report.

  • You can request these services through the official TOEFL website if you need to send your TOEFL scores to other institutions or require other services such as a score review or score verification. Additional fees may apply.

  • You can update your personal information, such as your email address or mailing address, by logging in to your account on the official TOEFL website and accessing the profile or account settings section. Review and follow the instructions to ensure your changes are accurately reflected in your TOEFL records.

  • TOEFL exam fees in India are ₹16900, subject to changes as per the official authority.

Expert Assistance for TOEFL Preparation

Here, we share some tips and strategies to help you prepare for the TOEFL:

  • Familiarize yourself with the test format: The TOEFL has four sections - Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Understanding each section's structure and types of questions will help you better prepare.

  • Build your English language skills: Practice reading English articles, listening to English podcasts, speaking English with native speakers, and writing essays in English to improve your language skills.

  • Take practice tests: Practice tests are a valuable resource for familiarizing yourself with the test format, timing, and types of questions. Take as many practice tests as possible to identify your strengths and weaknesses and focus on improving them.

  • Develop time management skills: Time is crucial in the TOEFL, so practice managing your time effectively during the test. Pace yourself and allocate enough time for each section to save time.

  • Improve your reading skills: The TOEFL reading section requires you to comprehend and analyze academic texts—practice reading and understanding various passages, including articles, to enhance your reading skills.

  • Enhance your listening skills: The listening section of the TOEFL requires you to understand spoken English in different accents and contexts. To improve your listening skills, it would help to practice listening to various English audio clips, such as lectures, conversations, and news.

  • Practice speaking in English: The speaking section of the TOEFL assesses your ability to express your thoughts and ideas clearly and fluently. Practice speaking English on various topics and record yourself to review and improve your speaking skills.

  • Practice writing essays: This section requires writing articles on assigned topics. Practice writing essays within the given time limit and get feedback from native English speakers to improve your writing skills.

  • Review grammar and vocabulary: Brush up on your grammar rules and vocab, as they play a crucial role in all sections of the TOEFL—practice using correct grammar and a wide range of vocabulary in your speaking and writing responses.

  • Stay calm and confident: Lastly, stay calm and relaxed during the test. Manage test anxiety by practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, and believing in your abilities.

Remember, consistent practice, determination, and a well-planned study strategy are the keys to success in the TOEFL. Good luck with your TOEFL preparation! If you have any specific questions or need further guidance, feel free to ask.

Prepare the test with US | TOEFL Coaching | Online and Offline courses

Knowledge of the English language is necessary to crack the TOEFL exam, yet proper training is vital in making students capable and confident to take the exam. As a renowned TOEFL coaching institute in India, Western Overseas provides comprehensive training to help students confidently crack the TOEFL exam. Our institute offers both online and offline TOEFL classes to cater to the needs of different students. With multiple TOEFL coaching centers located in Chandigarh, Amritsar, Bathinda, Patiala, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Karnal, Sonipat, and Indore, students have easy access to our exclusive classes for TOEFL training. Feel free to visit our branch for any queries.